What’s The Difference Between JPG and JPEG, PNG, PDF, TIFF, EPS, RAW, PSD, GIF?

What’s The Difference Between JPG and JPEG, PNG, PDF, TIFF, EPS, RAW, PSD, GIF?

What Is JPG?

JPG is a widely used compressed image format for capturing digital images. It is the most common image format used in digital cameras, various operating systems and the Internet. A compression ratio of 10: 1 can be applied to JPG images without losing significant detail. This results in smaller file sizes that make it easier to share and save images. This means that the image data can be saved with minimum to maximum compression according to the user’s choice. JPG images are great for photographs and real images.

What is a JPEG File?

If the format or extension of both images is basically the same then why are there different extensions? And why can it have both .jpg and .jpeg images on the same computer?

This difference stems from the inability of older versions of Windows to support file extensions without a three-character format. Mac computers and newer Windows computers can handle files with .jpeg extensions, but computers with older Windows operating systems require fewer, .jpg extensions. Requirement.

Difference between JPG and JPEG.

In general, there is no major between JPG and JPEG images format. In fact, extensions are used interchangeably. So, let’s first find the similarities between the two file extensions.

  • Both files are raster images (as opposed to vector image files).
  • JPG, as well as JPG, is a joint photographic expert group for
  • Both are used for photographs (or cameras derived from raw image format).
  • Both images apply loss shrinkage which can result in loss of quality.
  • However, as a result, these image files have a much smaller file size.

Why The Difference Then?

If these image formats are the same then what is the difference between them? And why can it have both .jpg and .jpeg images on the same computer?

This difference stems from the inability of older versions of Windows to support file extensions other than three-character formats. Mac computers and newer Windows computers can handle files with the .jpeg extension, but computers with older Windows operating systems require shorter, .jpg extensions. In the meantime, most image processing programs save JPG files with .jpg extensions on all types of operating systems to avoid confusion.

What is PNG?

PNG stands for “Portable Graphics Format”. This lossless data compression format was created to replace the most commonly used incomplete raster image format graphics interchange format (GIF) on the Internet. The PNG file format is a free format without any copyright restrictions. Like GIF images, PNG also has the ability to display transparent backgrounds. In addition, PNG files are capable of holding 24 bbit RGB color palette and grayscale images. Originally, this image format was designed to transfer images to the Internet.

Difference between JPG and PNG

JPG is a  lossy compression algorithm, while PNG is a  lossless compression algorithm.

JPG is better for photographs and PNG is better for created images.

JPG supports XNF data embedding while PNG does not.

4PNG supports transparency while JPG does not.

What Is GIFS

GIF is an acronym for “Graphics Interchange Format”. This bitmap image format was developed by CompuServe in 1987. It has a wide support base and is a popular image format on the Internet for its portability. The GIF file format supports up to 8 bits per pixel in images, allowing 256 different colors from a 24-bit RGB color space to be used in a single image. The GIF file is well known for having animated image data. It is also used for sharp lines and edged logos and images. The format uses a harmless compression, but the file size can be significantly smaller.

Difference between JPG and GIF

  • Although these two formats are usable on the web, you cannot use GIFs for printed documents due to their small size as this will reduce their value.
  • Another big difference is that JPG uses lossy compression and a GIF image never loses data with lossless compression.
  • Its low resolution allows a GIF file to be uploaded quickly and is ideal for line-art, general animation and logos.

What is RAW file format?

A raw file is a digital image of any scene you use with your digital camera. DSLRs like Canon and Mirrorless systems use RAW files to capture color such as Nikon image data.

To capture a raw image, you must make sure that your digital camera is set to do so. You have the option to select RAW by going through your ‘Image Size and Quality’ settings.

Any other choice (except RAW + JPEG) is a JPEG image. The raw camera format version provides much more image data from the scene you are shooting. For raw images, the file size is about 5x the size of the JPEG option

Raw file formats will capture every aspect of the view and save it for future use. This feature allows for more editing when raw files are imported into the post-processing software package.

There are more games in exposure and you will have access to additional stops within the exposure value limit.

You can add or subtract exposure values without reducing the value of the image. You can look for decreases when working with JPEG files.

JPEGs are file extensions, meaning the quality will decrease whenever you open and save them. They are easy to work with and work across many platforms like Word or any editing software.

Better way to go raw. However, you need to use the right software to be able to open, convert and use raw files. Otherwise, the raw data is worthless.

The File extension of raw format is (IIQ ,3FR, DCR, K25, KDC, CRW, CR2, CR3,  MEF, MOS, NEF, ORF, PEF, RW2, ARW, SRF, SR2)

Difference between JPG and  RAW

  • With the RAW format, you’ll find 16.8 million more colors than 8-bit JPEG images (better color shades than the 256 tonal values of red, green, and blue channels), while 12-bit RAW format image files have more than 68.7 billion colors (4096 colors per channel). Tonal value).
  • You can significantly increase the RGB tonal values at 16,384 more than the total 14-bit RAW image, and increase the overall image potential to a range of 4.4 trillion colors.
  • RAW images have a much wider dynamic range, including higher color gamut
  • RAW images use lossless compression technology

What is PSD

Supports image layers and lots of imaging options. This makes it an ideal format for image editing. PSD files have the capacity to hold 30,000 pixels of image data in height and width, and any file size can be up to 2 GB. Typically, PSD files are used as templates that can be flattened in print-ready format like PNG or JPG. It is the most commonly used image format by graphic designers, producers and other users for editing purposes.

Difference between JPG and PSD

  • JPG is a standard image format, while PSD is a document format for Photoshop.
  • Jpg can be seen in many applications but not PSD
  • Supports PSD layers when JPG does not
  • PSD is much bigger than JPG
  • Supported by gadgets in the absence of JPG PSD


TIF (or TIFF) is an image format used to capture high quality graphics. TIF OR TIFF stands for “Tagged Image Format” or “Tagged Image File Format“. The format was created by Aldas Corporation, but Adobe later acquired the format and updated it later. The TIF file is capable of holding both malicious JPG compression and lossless image data. It may also contain vector-based graphics data. The TIF file format is widely supported in image editing applications. For him, it is a very popular image format among graphic artists, photographers and publishing authorities.

Difference between JPG and TIFF

  • JPG images are harmful to nature and TIFFs are harmful
  • JPG is compressed but much smaller than TIFF
  • TIFF is preferred when the image still needs to be processed when JPG is best for final images
  • TIFF users are mostly professionals, while ordinary people use JPG
  • TIFFs are rarely seen on the Internet while JPG is ideal for photos

What is EPS file format?

An EPS file is a graphics file that is stored in an encapsulated PostScript (EPS) file format. EPS files include preview images embedded in bitmap format.

The EPS format was released in 1992 and can be a standard image format that can be used to exchange images across different platforms. EPS files are often used by graphics professionals to preserve works of art such as logos and drawings.

While files are supported by a number of different drawing programs and vector graphic editing applications, they are not as widely supported as other image formats such as JPEG or PNG. However, you can use many programs that help convert EPS files to more general images.

Difference between JPG and EPS

  • EPS is a vector file format where users can work with different curves, lines, and shapes based on algebra, such as standard mathematical equations for image creation. JPG can be classified as a raster image, which represents an image of a lot of pixel type images. This is just a snapshot of the original artwork.
  • Vector imagery with EPS is ideal for various printing forms but JPG users can also get pixelation and printed images.

What Is PDF

PDF refers to a portable document format, used to display documents in electronic form from software, hardware or operating systems. Originally developed by Adobe Systems as a universally suitable file format based on the PostScript format, it has become an international de-facto standard for document and information exchange.

In 2006, Adobe relinquished control of PDF development to ISO (the International Organization for Migration) and this became an “open standard” by PDF The specifications of the current PDF version (2.0) are documented under ISO 32000-2. ISO is responsible for updating and developing future versions

Difference between JPG and PDF

  • A PDF or portable document format is a format that is used to present a variety of documents in a readable or viewable way; JPG a method commonly used to compress digital images known as malicious compression.
  • JPG is usually a graphic image file while PDF is a document file
  • For the same file that is made available in two formats, a JPG image of a particular document will be smaller than the same document as a PDF file because JPG is a compression method.
  • A PDF file preserves the original format of a document but leaves the various parts of the document open for editing; Zipigs, however, compress different elements of an image or document into a single file that cannot be separated into the original elements.
  • A PDF allows you to copy selected text from a file whereas a JPG does not allow you to copy selected text

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